Concern about climate change encourages civil society and the different industrial scientific, scientific, and commercial segments to seek strategies to mitigate the causes and consequences of the increase in global average temperature. Thus, other actions are studied and gradually integrated to achieve global objectives related to the environment. In this context, the energy transition stands out as a process that seeks to replace progressively traditional energy sources and fossil energy sources, such as oil and coal, with renewable sources, in addition to seeking efficient energy consumption. This change aims to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases and combat climate change through technologies such as photovoltaic and wind generation, green hydrogen, electromobility, energy storage systems, energy management, and efficiency.
- Photovoltaic generation can be generated anywhere that receives sunlight, and the costs of this technology have decreased in recent years, making it increasingly accessible.
- Wind generation, like photovoltaic generation, has its clean and renewable generation and can be produced in several regions. As a result, the construction of wind farms is growing worldwide, and some countries depend almost exclusively on this energy source.
- Green hydrogen is a hot technology currently in the energy transition. Hydrogen is a fuel that does not release carbon dioxide in its combustion and can be used in various sectors, such as transport and industry. Green hydrogen is produced from water electrolysis, using electricity from renewable sources. This technology is still under development but has already been used in some countries to store energy.
- Electric vehicles are powered by batteries that store electrical energy and can be recharged through renewable sources such as photovoltaic generation and wind generation. This technology has become popular recently, with several electric car options on the market.
- Energy storage systems are essential to ensure a constant supply of electrical energy. These systems store the energy generated through renewable sources, such as photovoltaic generation, wind generation, and green hydrogen, to be used later. This allows energy to be available even under the intermittency of prevailing renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power.
- The rational and efficient use of electrical energy is a fundamental theme in the energy transition context since they refer to the ability to achieve the best performance with the minor benefit of resources and without neglecting the quality, whether in the generation and consumption of energy. Electric. For this, new products and processes are generated daily to provide energy efficiency.
The energy transition is essential to ensure the planet’s sustainability. In this sense, the SBSE 2023 aims to debate, present results, identify problems and propose solutions through the subareas and emphasize low carbon technologies such as photovoltaic generation, wind generation, green hydrogen, electromobility, energy storage systems, and electricity management and efficiency. Increasingly, these technologies have become accessible and used worldwide, a positive sign for the future of clean and renewable energy.